Old houses of Britian

Take a look at the last 100+ years of housing styles from Great Britian

Original Source

Tudor – 1485 – 1603

tudor house

The Tudor house was defined by its Tudor arch and oriel windows. The Tudor period was the first period to move away from the medieval style houses and was more like a timber framed country house. Today Tudor houses are all listed building and highly sought after due to there location and the amount of space and history involved. Tudor houses are an expensive housing option so be prepared for the financial layout and upkeep costs. If that doesn’t put you off then buying a Tudor house could be a great investment and opportunity to keep English heritage alive.

Elizabethan – 1550 -1625

elizabethan house

Elizabethan houses can be recognised by their large vertical timber frames that are often supported by diagonal beams. The Elizabethan style houses were similar to medieval style houses. These houses were built sturdy to last through the age. The houses were built by the middle class are are today listed building.

Jacobean – 1603 – 1625

Jacobean house

The Jacobean style gets its name from King James 1 of England who reigned at the time. The Jacobean style in England follows the Elizabethan style and is the second phase of Renaissance architecture. May Jacobean houses were very large both inside and out with large rooms for family living.  Common features included columns and pilasters, arches and archades. These features were to create a sense of grandeur. There are many Jacobean style houses on the market today if your lucky enough to be able to afford one.

Stuart – 1603 – 1714

stuart house

One of the most common period property types for country houses. This period house boasted elegant exteriors with sash windows, high ceiling and spacious rooms. The outside was commonly bare brick and flat fronted.

English Baroque – 1702 – 1714

During this period houses were decorated with arches, columns and sculptures and took many features and characteristics from the continent. The interiors were very exuberant with artwork and ornaments in all rooms main rooms

Palladian – 1715 -1770

palladian house

The Palladian era started in 1715 and these types of houses are characterised by symmetry and classic forms, more plain than other eras however on the inside houses were lavish and often had elaborate decorations

Georgian – 1714 – 1837

georgian house

The Georgian house was styled with rigid symmetry, the most common Georgian house was built with brick with window decorative headers and hip roofs. The Georgian house period started and got its name due to the 4 successive kings being named George.

Regency – 1811 – 1820

regency house

The Regency housing style was common among the upper and middle classes from 1811 to 1820 the houses were typically built in brick and then covered in painted plaster. The plaster was carefully moulded to produce elegant decorative touches to give the exterior of the house more elegance.

Victorian – 1837 – 1910

victorian house

Very common even today especially in London. A Victorian house in general refers to any house build during the reign of Queen Victoria. The main features of a Victoria house are roofs made of slate with sash windows and patters in the brick work that are made using different colour bricks. Stained Glass windows and doors were also a common feature as were bay windows

Edwardian – 1901 -1910

edwardian house

Edwardian architecture got its name during the reign of King Edward from 1901 – 1910. These types of houses were generally built in a straight line with red brick. Edwardian houses typically had wooden frame porches and wide hallways. The rooms inside were wider and brighter moving away from the older style houses that were more gothic. Parquet wood floors and simple internal decoration was common also.

Old School Magazine


We have many different posters in school connected with our History and some with our Geography. One is resplendent with smart figures, for it contains among others, Drake, Raleigh and Captain Cook. We have two posters connected with our Geography, they are about Australia and New Zealand. They look ever so pretty. We put them on the wall. Mr Marcom very kindly got them for us and we’re very pleased, so we are trying to keep them clean. They will be as long as we don’t throw water at them in tending the flowers.


Our school attendance chart has been kept up for some time. Each class has been trying to reach the top of the list every week. With regard to the District Attendance we have not kept as well to the top of the list as we did last year. In this past year we have been first once, second twice, third three times, fourth twice, eighth once, and tenth once. We hope next year we shall come to the very top of the list more regularly, although one must admit our record of being within the first four out of eighteen on no less than eight times out of ten is a good achievement.

Contributed by GWENDOLINE PARKER, Standard VI


Last Spring previous to the hay harvest we collected different kinds of grasses and stuck them in books. We could not out the names of them so sent them to Seale-Hayne Agricultural College. A little afterwards we received a letter with a list of their names and a letter to say they had great difficulty themselves in finding out the names but that if we had any difficulty in finding out any of the names of flowers or grasses or leaves they would help us again with pleasure.

Contributed by FRED LEMON, Standard V


Mr Parker went to India for seven years and when he came home he brought King Cobra’s skin into school and told us some of his adventures, and gave this skin as a present to the school, because he used to go to our school. Albert Eastman presented the school with a piece of honey-comb. He made a case and put it in it, afterwards we put it upon Miss Newberry’s shelf. He has now left. Sidney Squire gave the school three balls which are very useful to us. He was a good school fellow and did not leave before he was fifteen.

Contributed by THOMAS WONNACOTT, Standard VI


REV. A. J. PLUMMER, M.A. (1958)

The history of Education in England is an interesting but also, especially to foreigners, a very complicated one.
In Medieval times learning was largely the prerogative of the Clergy, so that both schools and teachers were almost entirely in the hands of the Church.

Many of our Public Schools, Winchester, or Westminster for instance, go back to the 14th century, and at the time of the Black Death (1349), there were already over 400 Grammar Schools scattered up and down the country. But the pupils who went to these institutions were mainly future clergymen or clerks. For the sons of ordinary people there was no education save of a severely practical kind. Clever boys of humble origin could rise to eminence in the Church, but there was no attempt to teach reading or writing to the mass of the people and, of course, no obligation existed to go to school at all.

Despite the Reformation and the consequent founding of still more Educational Establishments with money taken from the monasteries (Crediton Grammar School dates from the reign of Queen Elizabeth I) Education remained in this unorganised and unsatisfactory state till the Eighteenth century. In the age of the George’s upper class education was admitted on all hands to need reform yet nothing was done to reform it. Schoolmasters of this age were licensed tyrants who often cruelly flogged the boys, and there was cruel bullying of younger boys by the elder. Of Lower class education there was still no sign, and girls were not deemed to be fit subjects for book learning of any sort.

But just as it was the influence of the Church that started education, so it was by the influence of churchmen that it was eventually extended to all classes.

In 1780, Robert Raikes, a Gloucester man, started a Sunday school in his parish, in which the children were instructed not only in the Bible, but also in reading, writing and other elementary subjects. This schooling was soon extended to weekdays. Hannah Moore and others followed his methods, and the movement spread rapidly despite opposition from some conservatives who felt that popular education would lead to revolution.

In 1811 was formed the ” National Society for the education of the Poor in the principles of the Church of England,” which was the chief agent in promoting popular education in England and Wales until the State set up Board Schools in 1870. It was under the influence of this movement that many village schools were started.

The School at High Bickington is probably one of the oldest in the diocese of Exeter. Prior to about 1856 the only place of instruction in the Parish was a small private one run by an old lady, what is often termed a Dame School. In 1856 Miss Gertrude Pyncombe made provision in her will for the instruction of a number of poor children in certain subjects, including the Church Catechism. This seems to have been the origin of the school, as we know it. The building chosen for adaptation as a school after a fire had gutted it was originally the poor house, and, like most of the Village was thatched. At one time it may have been the residence of the Village priest. The building was open for use in 1858. The schoolmaster originally combined his job with that of the Parish clerk. In 1928 the building was improved; the Infants classroom was enlarged, the corridor added, the cloakrooms altered, and the whole place plastered. A new floor was put in, in 1937. The playground is the property of the Pyncombe Trustees, for which the School Managers pay a nominal rent each year. At one time a portion of the Churchyard adjoining had been occupied by a kind of Composite structure. The upper portion reached by an outside flight of stone steps, was a schoolroom, while the rooms underneath were used as the parish almshouses.

This building was quite ancient and somewhat dilapidated; the lower rooms had no ceilings and through the wide cracks in the floor of the upper room the doings of the poor old men and women in the almshouses below were open to the prying eyes of the children, and very certainly a great many practical jokes would have been played on them.

About 1890 another local day school which had been carried on at the Higher Chapel was closed and the children transferred to the Church School. This necessitated the adding of an enlarged classroom to the 1856 building.

The School became subject to Government inspection in 1874. The Education Act of 1880 made education compulsory for all children.

Since that date its history has not differed very considerably from that of most elementary schools.

In 1940 at the beginning of the War 88 children and four teachers from Sydenham, South East London, were accommodated in the School and the Hall. At the end of the war the number of local children attending the School remained large, but at the present moment the numbers are down more than they have been for some time.

The 1944 Education Act brought in several changes. The children over eleven are now removed to Chulmleigh Secondary or to Grammar Schools. In 1952 a new instrument of management came into being by which the Local Education Authority became wholly responsible for the upkeep and renewal of the School. The fact that in origin the School was a church school is acknowledged by the regulation that the Parish Priest and one other person proposed by the Parochial Church Council and appointed officially by the Diocesan Education Committee are Foundation Managers. Other authorities appoint the other four managers, of who two must now be women. The deeds of the building are vested in the Diocesan Education Committee who, if the School were ever to be closed, could dispose of the building as they wished. The Rector, or some person appointed by him, may enter the school once a week for the purpose of giving instruction according to the Church Catechism, but only provided that a majority of the parents have signed forms to say that they are in agreement. Those who wish may state that they desire that their children shall be given something else to do while the instruction is going on.

In 1949, the children of the neighbouring village of Atherington were transferred to High Bickington School, their own school having been closed. Despite rather natural opposition from Atherington when this proposal was first mooted, it seems to be working well, especially now that the two villages are ecclesiastically under the authority of the same Rector, and many of the children have relations or interests in both villages.

Some of the scholars from this school have eventually found their way to one of the Universities, and some have done well in trade or one of the professions or made a name for themselves in public life. Many capable teachers have taught at the school. Miss Newbery who has recently retired was one of a family whose roots seemed intertwined with those of the school, her Mother and her Grandmother having been teachers in it before her. Under Miss Vickery, the present Headmistress, the school continues to go forward. Long may its good work and influence continue.

Zion 1957, 1958, 1959, High Bickington


Zion means, exposed to the sun, or a sunny place, and how true that is of our chapel at High Bickington. It is true in many ways. “Nothing is too good for God’s House” said an Indian Christian, and that is how we feel about it. The task before our people seemed gigantic, yet prayer changes things! The new organ is a fine instrument to lead us in the singing of our worship; worshipping our God in the beauty of holiness! Worship at Zion is that of the family of God’s children, but we are always seeking to bring the outsider inside, and to win that person for Christ. We look back and give thanks to God who has blessed us abundantly. We look forward to even greater things, always remembering………Saviour, if of Zion’s city,
I, through grace a member am,
Let the world deride or pity,
I will glory in Thy name.
Fading is the worldlings pleasure
All his boasted pomp and show,
Solid joys and lasting treasure,
None but Zion’s children know.



For thirty five years the singing at Zion was led by an American Organ, which now became so badly infected by wood worm that it had to be replaced. This was the report my Trustees heard at the Annual Meeting of 1957. It was decided to have a search around for a second hand instrument to replace it. I well remember one dear Brother saying at the meeting, with the advent of Television there must be plenty of good organs about now discarded for this new means of music. The search was on, calling in our present organ and piano tuner to try and accommodate us, but by early Autumn none had been discovered.


It was Tuesday afternoon, Pastor Ralph Yates calling on his visiting day, and during a ‘cup of tea,’ said, “Oh! by the way, I was passing through Taunton on Saturday, and I casually called into the organ works of Messers. Osmond and told them that they were changing their organ at High Bickington, and can you help them, without any obligation on their part?”

A few days later a large envelope arrived containing a progressive illustration of a suitable organ including a photograph, to be shortly followed with a box containing samples of material used in the manufacture of the instrument. Having previously written away for as much literature on Electronics, I was fascinated in making comparisons. The more one studied the leaflets, the more certain was the desire to replace our old Estey, with a new instrument.


We had just finished supper after one of our many money-raising concerts. Wandering aimlessly among the friends I was accosted by Mr George Bolt of Wotton Farm by these words: “How’s the organ situation?” “Well, nothing to report yet” I replied, mentioning how I had been very interested in studying the literature of new instruments but nothing can be done until the Trustees meet.

On parting he thrust into my hand a roll of notes (£25) “Something for your Organ Fund” he said. “But I have not got an Organ Fund” I replied. “Then keep it until you have one.” I left him and came home thrilled indeed.

On reading this little booklet the pronoun “I” will repeat quite often, but please forgive any boasting on my part; I was very fortunate to have been appointed Secretary and Treasurer by the Trustees. The unofficial Organ Fund totalled £52-10-0 by the time of the Annual Trustees Meeting of 1958.


It was a cold and wet February evening; a strong south-westerly gale was lashing against the sitting-room bay window. Being indisposed, the meeting was to be held at my home. I awaited the arrival of the Trustees with eagerness and anticipation. Would they endorse our actions to date? After dealing with all the formalities of an Annual Trustees Meeting, the final Resolution was: ‘That we replace our organ with an electrically-blown instrument, the kind to be governed by the amount of money we could raise.’ At this meeting the Trust and Organ fund was inaugurated. The organists, Mesdames C. Gooding, D. Pidler, G. Bolt and H. Symons were formed into a sub-committee to see and hear various instruments. after one of their many excursions a Director of Messers. Osmond came to Zion and said it was possible to have one of their manufacture. The committee were not quite unanimous in recommending the model they had seen, so the search continued.

Eventually an organ was heard away up in a Girls School at Williton in Somerset, and this was their choice. At our next meeting we agreed to install a Pipe Organ on July 4th the following year. It seemed a long while away to that date, but how the time flew.

Apart from the financial angle there seemed to be only one other major snag. If this particular model was selected a window would have to be removed and permission from the owner of the adjoining garden sought for some ground to build an organ chamber.

The owner, Mrs. M. A. Snell of Prospect House, although belonging to the Anglican faith had always been very sympathetic toward our cause by regularly supporting us at various functions. It was little wonder that on approaching her, the ground was soon made available – her parting words on my first visit being “Don’t let the purchase price worry you” – and the outcome was that the ground was ours for the nominal payment of one shilling. Our present and future congregations will never be able to over-estimate the value of the kind act of this gracious lady, another gift that cannot be measured by £ s. d.


It needs little imagination on the part of the reader to realise that from February 13th 1958 until July 4th 1959 there were several committee meetings, so that a lot of facts and figures must be disclosed.

Prayer, Planning and Giving was our battle cry, neither was sufficient by itself. Outside the Church on a piece of hard-board 4ft x 1ft a Barometer was drawn and marked in £25 divisions, and as the money was raised so the amount was recorded. Adjoining it was an organ pipe which had been converted to serve as a collection box, and this silent collector brought in over £5 the first year.

Every known scholar, old member, or worshipper at Zion was written to; the response was immediate and terrific. from as far away as America, Canada, London, Winchester, Worthing, the Isle of Wight, Bristol, Exeter and many other places too numerous to mention, came replies. these and our own worshipers, gave over £450 in 1958. The same year two jumble Sales raised £115 and other collections £70 enabling us to finish the year with a balance in hand of £720.

In August of 1958 a half-day excursion was arranged to visit the organ works and see a similar model as ours. any doubts regarding our choice were dispelled after this visit, and we then went on to Minehead to spend an enjoyable evening.

During January of 1959 the contractors commenced to build the Alcove and for several Sundays our Services were held in the Schoolroom. At last the builders had finished sufficiently to allow us to return for meetings and on entering the Church one soon realised that one of our most cherished dreams would soon become a reality.


At 2.45 p.m. on Saturday July 4th 1959 the trust Steward welcomed the Pastor’s wife and invited her to open the Sale of Work in the adjoining garage; this having been cleaned, and decorated with flowers for the occasion. the weather had lately not been too good, wet and cold, but we were blessed with wonderful weather and Mrs. Yates said in her opening remarks “This brilliant sunshine seems to have been made for this wonderful occasion.”

The Sunday-school Scholars were busy selling button-holes and good trade was done on the ice-cream stall. Ay 3.30 p.m. our Superintendent Minister Rev. E. Farr Basham and Pastor R. Yates led us into Church for the Dedication Service, the building having been re-decorated and the floor covered with a dark rich red carpet. The organ was presented on behalf of the Trustees for Dedication by Mr. W.E. Down of Exeter. Mr. Down being an old Organist, Trustee, Sunday-school Scholar and Teacher of ours. We were very pleased to welcome him home with his wife, son and daughter and their families. After prayer the organ was switched on and we sang “O for a thousand tongues to sing,” our guest organist being Mr. E. Blott of West Buckland School, who was assisted by one of his pupils.

The preacher was one of our leading Methodist laymen, Mr. David Foot-Nash of Plymouth. The Chapel and Schoolroom were filled to overflowing. Tea was served in the Day School and Church Hall, by kind permission of the Parochial Church Council. The lady pourers at the tea-tables had been recruited from various Chapels in our Circuit, thus allowing our own folks to partake in the Services.

During the interim period after tea, Mr. Blott gave a musical feast, and crowds were still arriving for the evening Thanksgiving Service long before the recital was over. Mr. Wreford Friend from Shirwell was our choice of Chairman, and how brilliantly he carried out his duties; his message being most heartening and full of his usual humour. Mr. David Foot-Nash again spoke to us, being ably supported by his charming wife who gave a challenging address. The Chapel and Schoolroom were packed, even moreso than in the afternoon. Forms were placed in the garage, on the entrance to the Chapel, and folk were sitting in the porch. loud speakers were used to relay the service. people in nearby houses sat in their doorways in the bright sunshine, sharing our celebrations. Mrs. Watts of Muddiford thrilled the congregation with two fine soprano solos.

One of the biggest thrills of my life, and one I shall cherish for a long time to come, was when I entered the pulpit to give the customary Treasurer’s Report. Looking back over the vast congregation, I reminded my listeners of a line from one of our hymns ‘Look, ye saints, the sight is glorious.’

The collection that evening was over £62-10-0. The service closed, but several friends remained behind to a late hour trying the organ; others adjourned to the Church Hall for supper. By this time the ladies’ committee were beginning to wilt, but their tiredness temporarily left them on hearing that over £230 had been raised that afternoon.

The next day we listened to two fine sermons; in the morning our “Super” was the preacher, taking for his text ‘David took an harp, and played it with his hand, so Saul was refreshed and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.’ The theme being the part music had played in our worship and still does. In the evening our Pastor took for his text ‘Where there is no vision, the people perish,’ this theme also being very appropriate.


I hope the following facts and figures will help small churches such as ours to go forward with any major schemes they are contemplating, to be encouraged and supported by countless friends, known and unknown as we were.

For the statistical minded reader the figures are as follows: Afternoon collection £36, Evening collection £62, Teas £34, Supper £17, Sale of Work £75. A special mention must be made of the effort of one of our senior Sunday School Scholars, who took an apron around the area inviting people to put patches on it holding their gifts, the total collected being £11-10-0. The following verse was her introduction:-

A Financial Apron I surely am,
To help the Church I am trying.
Just sew on me a little patch
To save my friends from sighing.
A patch so neat, so snug, so stout,
Your Generous gift must not slide out.
Any kind friend can increase my store
The more the better, the better the more.
To all your neighbours please pass me along
Till your patches cover me, safe and strong.
I know my friends are tried and true
And willing hearts make “little” accrue.
My thanks to those with greatest pleasure
Whose contributions swell my treasure.
Any coin is acceptable, great or small
For piled in heaps they become quite tall.
That I may remember where I have been
Write your name in the book, my course to be seen.
Don’t worry about the shape of the patch
Please store some silver under its thatch
And when to our Sale of Work you come
My many adventures will be told by the size of the sum.

It is interesting to recall how much food was consumed:-

30 Loaves of Bread
27 dozen Sausage Rolls
24 lbs of Cake
24 dozen Fancy Cakes
12 dozen Bread rolls
6 lbs of Butter
6 lbs of Cream
6 dozen Meat Pies
18 lbs of Ham
2 lbs of Beef
2 lbs of chicken
6 lbs of Tea
12 Home-made Sponges
20 Trifles
20 Dishes of Fruit Salad
7 Gallons of Milk

Again stressing the high temperature in the Church hall, where jellies melted. Temperatures of between 92 and 100 deg. in the shade were recorded in several parts of the country this day.

It would be impossible for me to individualise on an occasion such as this, but certain names must be mentioned. Our grateful thanks are due to: Messers. Tucker Bros., whose field opposite the Council Houses was at our disposal for a Car Park; the staff of the organ builders, Messers. Osmond of Taunton for their courteous attention; to Messers. White Bros. the contractors, especially recording our thanks to Mr. Dick Pidler for the numerous jobs he did gratis. To my fellow trustees, members of our assembly and adherents for their unfailing and continuous support; our Caretaker Mrs. Annie Parker who had our Church looking so nice for the Services; Pastor Yates for his spiritual guidance and practical help – and finally to those who are always taken for granted, who are never thanked or praised and appreciated as they ought to be. Again, grateful thanks to all.

The Balance Sheet of 1959 showed total receipts of £1,202 with expenditure of £1,202; the main expenses being: Organ £720, Organ Chamber £325, Carpet £80.

We greet 1960 with more ambitions. The parking of cars has for a long time been a major problem causing great concern, but the way to overcome this has been opened up. A Mr. and Mrs. Parkin have recently come to reside in our village, and by so doing became owners of the garden adjoining our garages. They were approached to see if it was possible for the Trustees to purchase a piece of this ground. The negotiations were short but successful. An area of 500 square yards was acquired for the nominal sum of 5/-. Again our grateful thanks to these new-found friends. We shall press on with the same formula — Prayer, Planning and Giving, to the Glory of God.

Inviting old friends and new to join us in our services remembering always “That Thou shalt have all the Praise”.

“To God be the Glory, Great things He hath done!”

St Mary’s Church – High Bickington

The church tower is hung with eight bells and bellringing has been a hobby of many locals over the years as well as entertaining many visiting teams.

The first five bells were installed in 1753, although it is not known if there were bells in the tower prior to this. A sixth bell was added in 1827 and the Octave was completed in 1911, when the bells were re-cast and the two additions added.

The bells are inscribed and dated as follows:

Bell numberInscriptionDate
WE 1753
Re-cast in that year
WNS 1753
T Mears of London fecit

Photgraph’s taken at the time the bells were re-cast and re-hung circa. February 1911

Following the re-hanging of the Bells the Bishop of Exeter visited the village for the dedication of the bells which was reported in the ‘Exeter and Plymouth Gazzette’ on 10th March 1911 as follows:


The bells of the parish church have just been overhauled and re-hung. Photo by Pedler and Son, High Bickington. Caption appeared below a copy of the first photo above.

The picturesque church of High Bickington, standing on the summit of a hill overlooking some of the most charming Devonshire scenery, is now in the possesion of an excellent peal of eight in place of a former ring of six bells. The approximate cost of increasing and rehanging the peal has been £350, and the sum of £300 has already been raised by public subscription. A new treble and new tenor bell have been provided, and the old fourth bell has been re-cast. The new treble bears the inscription:- “God save King George.” The tenor bell is in memory of the late King Edward, and has the key of A flat.

At the dedication service the clergy presnet, in addition to the Lord Bishop of Exeter, were the Rector of High Bickington (the Rev. C. V. Wansborough), the Revs. F. Emlyn Jones (Vicar of Torrington, and Rural Dean), J. B. Singleton (Yarnscombe), W. W. Arthur (Atherington), J. Pattison (Dolton), and C. W. H. Kenrick (Holy Trinity, Barnstaple). The service was the usual form of Evensong prayer. Psalms cxxxiii and cxxxiv were chanted. The first Lesson, Issiah 51st. 1-7, was read by the Rev. J. B. Singleton. The second Lesson, read by the Rural Dean, was from Hebrews 10, 11-26. The hymns sung were “Now thank we all our God.” and “When morning gilds the skies.” The Bishop was escorted to the belfry by the Rector, Rural Dean, and churchwardens (Messers John E. Harris and John Cole). His lordship duly dedicated the bells, and they were then rung by G. Pedler (treble), R. Pedler (second), G. Pedler (third), W. R. Newberry (fourth), S. Cole (fith), J. Kent (sixth), J. Cole (seventh), and E. Ellicott (tenor).

The Bishop subsequently gave an address. He took for his text the words, “Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is, but exhorting one another.” What, his lordship asked, were the bells for? What was their function? What was the part they played in the spiritual life of the parish? Clearly the bells were, to begin with, a witness to God. Because they had, for their first purpose, to summon people together for worship of Gad. Were there no God to worship, their being present would have no purpose whatever, and the bells would have no part to perform. The ringing of the bells in every parish church in the country was a witness our country professed faith in God and the Lord Jesus Christ. That was the first and obvious thought which the bells suggested. Secondly, the bells spoke of their duty to od. Their duty to God was to worship Him and pray to Him – to praise His name, not only as individuals in the inward quiet of thei own chambers, but also to offer as a body not only thier seperate worship as so many individuals, but their joint worship as a congregation. The dedication of the bells should impress upon everyone present the value of worship of Almighty God. He hoped that everyone who heard the new peal of bells summoning worshippers to church on Sundays would fell more than ever before their duty to repair to the House of God. Those who heard the bells sounding for worship at any time, and on any day, if they were unable to attend, should not let the sound of the bells go by without calling forth some inward prayer to God of thanksgiving for His great goodness, some expression of sorrow for sins, something of that spirit of the Psalmist of old, who, without church bells to remind him, none the less said of his soul, “My soul is athirst for the living God. When shall I come to appear before the living God?” Referring to the ringers the Bishop it was a mockery, and worse than a mockery, if the work of bell-ringing were taken up in any other than a religious spirit. No good Christian man could take part in the work of bell-ringing without being the better for it. They should see they had their part in the prayer which they were summoning others. In conclusion, his lordship remarked that this dedication of the new bells would make a step of progress forward in the work of God, and the deepening of true religion in the faith of Jesus Christ.

The collection amounted to £5 10s 6d.
A tea was afterwards held in the schoolroom.


The Lord Bishop of Exeter held a confirmation service in the Parish Church on Monday morning, and in the afternoon dedicated a peal of eight bells. At the confirmation service there were eleven candidates, six males and five females, all from the parish. The service for the dedication of the bells was held at a quarter to three. One of the six old bells has been re-cast, and a new treble and tenorhave been added, making a musical, though rather light, peal of eight. At the service the church was quite filled. The first lesson was read by the Rev. J. B. Singleton, Vicar of Yarnscombe, and the second by the Rev. F. Emlyn-Jones. At a pause in the service the Bishop proceeded to the belfry to dedicate the bells, and a short peal was then rung. The offertory was in aid of the bell fund and amounted to £5 11s 6d. A public tea was held in the National School after the dedication service and was well attended.

The Pyncombe Estate

The principal land owner other than the Church in High Bickington, was the Pyncombe Estate. The Pyncombe family had lived at North Molton and owned considerable property and estates in Devon and Somerset. The last surviving member of the family was Gertrude Pyncombe who died in 1730 and left all her property to be administered by a charitable trust for the benefit of the poor. There is a memorial stone to Gertrude Pyncombe in Poughill Church near Crediton which reads as follows:

Gertrude Pyncombe, Spinster, who was born April 9th and died March 19th 1730.
She bequeathed her ample property to uphold the dearest interests of human society by the better maintenance of the Religion among men on the Knowledge and Practice of which depend the present and eternal Welfare of Mankind.
Her estates of Welsbere Barton and others in the Parishes of Ilfracombe, High Bickington, Atherington, Idsley, Chulmleigh, Chawley, Burrington, Cruwys Morchard, Bishops Morchard, Oakford, Broadwoodkelly, Withypool and Ringsash in this County and Dunster in the County of Somerset, are vested in Three Trustees ferever, in order that the income may be applied to the Relief of the Poor, to the instruction of the Ignorant, and to the assistance of the clergy in enabling them to augment all small livings, by claiming the Bounty of Queen Ann.
In memory og the exemplary Beneficience and pious zeal for the Church of Christ, this Stone is with all due Regard erected by the Trustees of her Bequests, JAMES BERNARD Esq. of Crowcombe Court Somersetshire. Rev. JAMES CAMPLIN A.M. Rector of Stoodley in this County and of Florey in the County of Somerset in the Year of our Lord 1809.

The Pyncombe Charity Trust decided to liquidate all of their assets in High Bickington and an auction was held at the village school at 2 p.m. on Wednesday 26th November 1919. as can be seen from the ‘Scehdule of Sale’ below, most of the properties and alnds were sold to sitting tennants. A grand total of £23,890 was raised from the sale of all the properties and 1137 acres of land, a considerable sum at the time but a miserable sum by todays standards!

The Schedule of Sale reads as follows:

The following freehold property in the Parish of High Bickington, in the County of Devon:-

Lot No.DescriptionTenantAcreagePurchase Money
1Lee farmRepresentative of Mr. Wm Tucker and in hand116.404£3,425
2YellandMr J. H. Woollacott and in hand235.242£3,375
3VauterhillMr T. Goss and in hand283.940£4,070
4DadlandsMr R. G. Pidler and in hand170.996£2,330
5Pulley MillsMr Wm Pidler62.486£2,310
6Part SeckingtonMr W. Pidler and Mr T. Goss and in hand50.804£1,483
6aWasteIn hand.100£1
7LibbatonMessers T. and W. B. Slee and in hand79.477£1,503
8WitherhillMr G. Pidler and in hand47.099£1,593
9QuicksMr W. B. Slee and in hand49.864£1,350
10Jewell’s MoorsMr G. Pidler13.790£410
11WhitebridgeMr Jno. Down4.331£230
12Jumps CloseMr. Wm Tucker4.313£230
13CottageMr. Wm Moore.319£165
14Pow’s CottageMr. Jno. Lang.169£90
15Estate YardIn hand.106£150
16CottageMr W. Pidler.287£145
17Arable FieldMr W. Pidler2.260£150
18Warren’s MarshMr. R.G. Pidler13.452£710
19Little BartonMr. W. B. Slee2.125£170

Sealed by Order of the Board this 12th day of March 1920

A transcript of the Charity Commission letter relating to the sale follows below as does a map showing the plots being sold:

General Charity – Pyncombe

Acreage – 96,571.

Authority to sell real estate (Auction)


In the matter of the PYNCOMBE CHARITY, regulated by a Scheme of the High Court of Chancery of the 5th July 1856 and comprised in a Determination Order made by the Charity Commissioners on the 23rd October 1906 under the Board of Education Act 1899, s 2 (2); and

In the Matter of “The Charitable Trusts Acts, 1853 to 1914.”

The Board of Charity Commissioners for England and Wales, being satisfied by the representations of the Trustees of the above mentioned Charity, and by a report from Charles John Hannaford, of Chulmleigh, in the County of Devon, Land Surveyor, that it would be advantageous to the Charity that the sale of the land and hereditaments describeed in the Schedule hereto, belonging to the Charity, and lately offered by the Trustees, with the approval of the said Board, at a sale by public auction, should be effected upon the terms hereinafter mentioned:

Do upon the application of the Trustees hereby order as follows:

  1. The trustees, within twelve calendar months from the date of this Order, may sell the said land and hereditaments for not less than the sums mentioned in the Schedule hereto, being the highest prices offered for the same at the said sale, and may do and execute all proper acts and assurances for carrying the sale into effect:
  2. “The Official Trustee of Charity Lands,” in whom the legal estate in the said land and hereditaments is vested in trust for the Charity, shall concur in the conveyance thereof if his concurrance is required:
  3. The Purchase moneys shall be imediately paid by the Trustees to the Banking Account at the Bank of England, of “The Official Trustees of Charitable Funds”:
  4. The proper expenses of the Trustees of the Charity attending the sale of the said land and hereditaments, upon an account being submitted by them to and approved by the said Board, shall be provided out of the purchase moneys:
  5. The purchase moneys when so paid as aforesaid, or the balance thereof after payment of the said expenses when so approved as aforesaid, shall be invested by the said Official Trustees, in……